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Who Invented The Torsen Differential?

Differential 101 in Cars – An Essential Component that Will Surprise You

When it comes to cars, enthusiasts and modifiers alike tend to focus their attention on the exterior, performance, and even the sound – but have you ever thought about what’s going on under the car? Sure, the engine is crucial, but what about the car’s differential? If you’re scratching your head, don’t worry; you’re not alone. Although the differential is a lesser-known part of a vehicle, it is an essential component that controls the power and torque transmitted to each wheel of the car, affecting how it handles and drives. In this article, we will discuss the different types of differentials, their functions, and what might make one a better option for your car.

First off, what is a differential, and why is it important? The differential is the part of the car that sends power from the engine to the wheels while also allowing each wheel to turn at a different speed. Without it, our car would not maneuver around corners or make turns correctly. A differential typically has various gears, which transfer power from the driveshaft, coming off the engine, to each wheel. The primary function of the differential is to maintain the same RPM of both wheels while cornering.

When you turn your car, the inside wheel has to travel a shorter distance than the outside one, resulting in the wheels turning at a different speed. The differential’s work comes into play, adjusting the RPMs between these two wheels to provide the smoothest ride. The differential helps balance drive force between the wheels, enabling the car to maintain traction on the road. In essence, the differential transfers the engine’s torque to the wheels, enabling them to work together effectively.

Next, let’s dive into the different types of differentials. There are several types of differentials, but we will be discussing the most common ones: open, limited-slip, and locking differentials. The most common and simple type of differential is the open differential. It is used on nearly all cars as it is relatively cheap and straightforward to manufacture. An open differential design allows each wheel to rotate independently while distributing power from a single input source. However, it doesn’t transfer power to the wheel with the most traction, resulting in the other wheel spinning freely.

Limited-slip differentials are the next step up from open differentials. They provide users with more control while driving. A limited-slip differential reduces the loss of grip on one tire, transferring it to the other motor. This type of differential is useful for high-performance or off-road vehicles that require torque to both wheels. The limited-slip differential works by employing a friction-based system, providing a balance between the wheels.

Lastly, let’s discuss the lock differential, which is commonly used in off-road cars. A locking differential ensures torque to both wheels by allowing them to lock simultaneously, ensuring that power is transmitted to both wheels equally. When a car’s wheel loses traction, this type of differential prevents power from being delivered to that wheel, providing maximum traction for the vehicle.

In conclusion, the differential is an essential component in a car that people often overlook. However, after reading this article, you now understand the functions of the three most common differentials. Whether you’re a speed enthusiast or a car modifier, choosing the right differential for your car can have a profound impact on your car’s performance and handling ability. Always remember to research and speak to a professional mechanic before deciding on which differential to purchase. And, in case you need a helpful reminder, the differential is just as important as the horsepower of your car’s engine!

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Torsen Differential Explained And If It's Best | HotCars

Torsen Differential Explained And If It's Best | HotCars


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Torsen differential explained and if it's best. Torsen differential

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