## The Role of Torsen Differential in Ford Mustang
When it comes to high-performance cars, the Ford Mustang often comes to mind. The iconic pony car has been around for decades and has gone through multiple iterations. One of the essential components of a Mustang’s powertrain is the differential, which is responsible for distributing power to the rear wheels. In recent years, Ford has been equipping the Mustang GT with a Torsen differential, which promises better handling and traction. In this article, we’ll dive into what a Torsen differential is and how it improves the driving experience.
### The Basics of a Differential
The differential is a device that allows wheels to turn at different speeds while on a turn. In a car with a manual transmission, power is delivered from the engine to the transmission, which then sends the power to the differential. The differential then splits the power between the rear wheels, allowing them to rotate at different speeds. This arrangement is necessary because, during a turn, the wheels on the outside rotate faster than the wheels on the inside. Without a differential, the wheels would lock up, causing the car to lose traction and stability.
### What is Torsen Differential?
Torsen, which stands for “torque-sensing,” is a type of differential that can adjust the power delivery between wheels based on the conditions. A Torsen differential can send more power to the wheel with better traction, ensuring better stability and control. Compared to a conventional limited-slip differential, a Torsen differential has a higher torque capacity and is more consistent in its power delivery. In a Torsen differential, the torque is transmitted to the wheel with the greater traction, eliminating the need for an additional clutch mechanism.
### How Torsen Differential improves driving experience?
With a Torsen differential, a Mustang GT can handle corners with more precision and stability. In a car with a conventional differential, the power is distributed equally between the rear wheels, regardless of traction. This can result in wheel spin, which can cause the car to lose traction and stability. However, with a Torsen differential, the power is distributed based on the available traction, meaning the wheel with better grip receives more power. This results in better traction, stability, and control, making the Mustang GT a joy to drive.
A Torsen differential also improves straight-line acceleration. When a Mustang GT accelerates from a stop, the weight shifts to the rear wheels, reducing the traction of the front wheels. In a car with a conventional differential, the power delivery to the rear wheels can cause wheel hop, which is a rapid up and down movement of the wheels due to the loss of traction. However, with a Torsen differential, power is delivered to the rear wheels more consistently, reducing the chances of wheel hop.
## Installation and maintenance
Installing a Torsen differential is not a simple task and requires professional expertise. The installation process involves removing the old differential and installing the new one, along with new bearings and seals. The process can take several hours, and the cost can vary depending on the mechanic’s expertise and the parts used.
Maintaining a Torsen differential is also important in ensuring its longevity and performance. A Torsen differential does not require regular maintenance, but it’s important to keep an eye on the differential fluid level. The differential fluid should be changed every 30,000 miles, or as specified in the owner’s manual. The fluid level should be checked regularly, especially before a long trip or track day. Additionally, it’s important to avoid power shifting, which can put stress on the differential and lead to premature wear.
By installing a Torsen differential, a Mustang GT driver can enjoy many benefits, including better handling, traction, and stability. With proper installation and maintenance, a Torsen differential can last a long time and provide consistent performance. However, it’s important to understand the limitations of a Torsen differential, as it’s not a cure-all for all driving situations. Drivers should understand how the differential works and drive accordingly to get the most out of it.
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