The Torsen Differential Working in Automobiles
The Torsen differential, also known as the torque sensing differential, is a type of differential that is commonly used in high-performance vehicles. It was a revolutionary invention in the field of automotive engineering that changed the way differentials work in cars. This differential was invented by Vernon Gleasman in the 1950s.
The Torsen differential is different from other types of differentials in that it can send different amounts of torque to each wheel, which enables it to provide better traction and handling. In other words, it can transfer power to the wheel that has more grip, which is particularly useful in high-performance cars or in off-road vehicles.
How does the Torsen differential work?
When a car is turning, the wheels on the outside of the turn will travel further than those on the inside. This means that the outside wheels will have to rotate faster than the inside wheels. The Torsen differential has a unique design that allows it to sense this difference in rotational speed and adjust the torque being delivered to each wheel accordingly.
The Torsen differential consists of a set of gears that are arranged in a helical pattern. The design is such that when the wheels rotate at the same speed, the gears mesh perfectly, allowing power to be transmitted equally to both wheels. However, when the wheels rotate at different speeds, the helical gears will produce a force that redirects torque to the wheel with more traction.
When a car with a Torsen differential is making a turn, the gear assembly inside the differential shifts torque from the wheel with less grip to the wheel with more grip, ensuring that the car remains stable and does not spin out of control. This feature is particularly useful in high-performance cars that need to make sharp turns at high speeds.
Advantages of Torsen Differential
The Torsen differential has several advantages over other types of differentials. Firstly, it provides better traction and handling, which is particularly useful in high-performance cars or in off-road vehicles. Secondly, the Torsen differential is more durable and requires less maintenance compared to other types of differentials. This is because it has fewer moving parts, which means that there is less wear and tear over time.
Thirdly, the Torsen differential is highly effective when it comes to low-speed operation. It provides more torque at low speeds, making it easier to access the power when driving off-road or on slippery surfaces. Lastly, the Torsen differential is highly reliable and resistant to any kind of failure. This is because it is designed to sense changes in traction automatically, which means that there is no need for any human intervention.
In summary, the Torsen differential is an important component in high-performance cars and off-road vehicles. Its unique design allows it to send different amounts of torque to each wheel, providing better traction and handling, particularly during turns. With its reliability, durability, low maintenance, and high-performance capabilities, it is no surprise that the Torsen differential continues to be a popular choice among car enthusiasts and off-road enthusiasts.
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Torsen Differential Working – YouTube
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